different types of Iranian spices

February 16, 2023

One of the main reasons for the good flavor of Iranian foods is the use of spices. The Iranian spices have a wide range, each of which is compatible with any type of taste. Apart from making food delicious, Iranian spices have been used as food preservatives since old times and were utilized in food since they have magical properties that can improve health. Spices are added to the food by many people to prepare the same food with some different flavors. Hence, spices can be classified into the following categories depending on the flavor they add to food:

  1. Spicy spices
  2. Mild spices
  3. Sweet spices
  4. Warm spices
  5. Aromatic spices

Types of Iranian spices

Types of Iranian spices


Among Iranian spices, cinnamon is one of the most popular. In addition to being used in cooking, this spice is also very important in confectionaries for preparing cakes and sweets. Cinnamon gives a special flavor to Iranian dishes. One of the important properties of cinnamon is its antibacterial property, which is also used to treat infected wounds.

2.Black pepper

This spice has many nutrients. It is usually recommended to use it to maintain the health of the body. The use of spices in Iranian cuisine gives a pleasant taste and aroma to the food. One of the uses of black pepper is to decorate salads.


To complete a delicious dish, salt must be used without a doubt. Iodine in salt is very useful for maintaining body health, but excessive consumption increases blood pressure.

Types of Iranian spices


Thyme is a plant that is famous in many countries and is used in many dishes. This spice is one of the aromatic spices and can change the taste of food completely. Thyme has medicinal properties and can relieve physical discomfort in some cases. Thyme oil is also used on the skin and is useful for it. But excessive use of this spice may cause allergies, dizziness and upset stomach in addition to making the food bitter.

5.Heracleum persicum

This native Iranian spice is widely used because of its pleasant and unique smell. Heracleum persicum is mostly used to flavor pickles, khoresh and soups. Also, this spice can act as a natural antibiotic and reduce inflammation in your body. This spice does not have many side effects, but it may cause skin sensitivity. In fact, if this spice, which is included in the list of spicy spices, comes into contact with your sensitive skin, it may cause symptoms such as redness, allergies, itching, etc.

Iranian spices


This incredible spice is very popular because of its beautiful color and spicy and sour taste that is like vinegar or lemon. Of course, the sour and lemony taste of sumac is not as good as lemon itself.

7.Dried lime

Dried lime is used in many regions of the Middle East such as Iran. Actually, the use of this spice is very important in Iranian cooking and it is added to the food to create a sour taste and aroma.

different types of Iranian spices


Saffron, which is known as the most expensive spice in the world, is very unique because of its very distinct taste and its wonderful color. The fact that saffron is used in most foods is one of the main reasons why saffron is more valuable in terms of its weight and cost. In addition, its excessive use may cause nausea, dizziness, anxiety and dry mouth. That is why it is not used in big amounts. But saffron in small amounts is often used as a sedative as well as treating dry skin, and improving menstrual symptoms and asthma. You can use saffron in many Iranian and even foreign dishes.


Turmeric is another very famous Iranian spice with a combination of bitter and spicy flavors. This spice is also known by other names such as Indian saffron and yellow ginger. Turmeric is easily recognizable due to its combination of bright yellow and orange colors.

different types of Iranian spices


Cumin is one of the most common spices native to Iran and European and African countries. The properties of this spice and the flavor it gives to food have made it a very essential ingredient and one of the most famous types of spices around the world.

This is due to the special aroma and taste of cumin, which can completely change the taste of food. In fact, one of the most distinctive features of cumin is the intense aroma of its brown seeds.


Fennel are found in two main types. The first type is bitter fennel, which has a licorice-like aroma and a slightly sweet taste. Another type of fennel has a sweet and nutty taste. Fennel is basically a durable and resistant plant that was very valuable in ancient times and was used in all kinds of foods. This spice has many medicinal properties and is used to relieve muscle spasms and bloating. It also strengthens hair and increases bone strength. The high consumption of fennel is not recommended for people with asthma or allergies.

read more:(Iranian halva recipe)

different types of Iranian spices

12.Ginger powder

Ginger has a spicy taste and is used in the preparation of many dishes. Ginger is rich in antioxidant properties that are useful for treating digestive diseases. Ginger is also used in making tea. Ginger is also utilized in cooking chicken and fish.


The spice is a mixture of turmeric, garlic, cardamom, cumin, cinnamon and coriander, so it is rich in various properties. It is permissible to use this nutritious and aromatic spice to prepare many dishes and there is no obstacle. Curry powder is used to prepare chicken, fish and all kinds of khoresh.

14.Garlic powder

Adding garlic powder or garlic itself is very useful for flavoring all types of seafood. Its nutritional value is very high and one of its most important therapeutic properties is the regulation of body blood pressure.

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